I remember the first time I met Yehoshua November, many long years ago in an introductory poetry class. I went around the room asking each student an ice-breaking question that felt, even then, a bit perfunctory: why did they write poetry? When we came to Josh (that's what we called him then), he said, "I want to restore the sanctity to language."
The class was startled. I was stunned, and never forgot it, partly because over the years I have watched him wrestle to do just that. Yehoshua went on to finish his undergraduate and advanced degrees, become a teacher, marry and raise a family. But he has never stopped writing poetry and he has never stopped trying to restore an essential sanctity to language. I feel him grappling with the spiritual in every poem--as Jacob said when he wrestled all night, "I will not let Thee go except Thou bless me." Even when the poem is about apparently mundane subjects--tennis, billboards, Harpo Marx, a tangerine--this tension between the daily and the sacred hums just under its skin.
Reading this glorious book of poems, one of the finest I have read in decades, part of me thinks, well of course God is an optimist if He's still got someone like Yehoshua November on his side. Sanctified but never sanctimonious, many of the poems in God's Optimism dive into the subjects of desire, longing, passion. "When I was a student/ love treated me like a road," November writes in "The One Who Has Left You." He goes on: "because you will find yourself/ sitting alone in a movie house,/ watching the film you planned to see together./ And the man on the screen/ will have dark eyes and a distant face/ but the woman will have the eyes/ of the one who left you." --But there is no telling when there will be a reconciliation: "Then one day the radio returns/ in the middle of the same song,/ like a man waking to finish the sentence/ he began before his coma./ And the lovers, too,/ take up each others' bodies once again,/ but now they are old/ and the love making is slow and awkward, like the first time."
Many of the best poems here are love poems for his own wife, recalling "when, despite the school of nervous fish/ that swam through my heart,/ my hand found yours/ for the first time." These are not ordinary love poems, bound up in them are contradictions, gratitude, and a sense of having found the bershert, or fated one: "if you must rouse me,/ please, my wife,/ do not even place your small hand/ on my shoulders,/ but whisper my name,/ remind me that I am such and such a man/ and you are the dark-haired daughter of so and so,/ chosen for me/ before I took up this journey."
No book of poems can be truly great which does not stretch its attention and compassion toward the larger world. November does this again and again. He goes back in time to the notes his grandmother wrote his grandfather, "Hard boiled eggs on the stove. I believe in you." With great gentleness he reaches for the gifts of his ancestors, "we push our fingers to the back/ of our sock drawers/ and bring the ancient bow ties to the lamp light." Or further, to the last century, the Frierdiker Rebbe cast out of Russia, "The soul is never in exile." He reaches outward as well, to "the nearly naked supermodel/ advertising a watch" on a billboard, whose third marriage is falling apart. He remembers the traveler, "in a foreign province," and his lonely meditations: "not unlike carrying a cello/ through a winter night,/ the dark wood rotting/ in the snow." He writes with compassion about the suicide's father; about "The dark children swimming in the ocean/ off a small town in Chile/…And what about God? If God is infinite, we cannot explain/ the sadness of the world/ without drowning him."
To read God's Optimism is to remember what poetry is meant to be: musical, tender, philosophical, generous-hearted. When I read November's poetry I am ashamed ever to have called myself a poet, for I know I am in the presence of a young master-as honest and witty as Kafka, as visionary as Doestoevski, but with a voice and presence all his own. This book is an astonishing debut. While rooted deeply in its Jewishness, it speaks to people of all faiths, and of no faith. The first person (among many) to whom I will gift this book is a lay Catholic priest, for I know it will speak to him. There is nothing holier-than-thou in November's sanctity of language. It is filled with contradictions and dualities, as many of the poems' titles suggest, "Anything Infinite Must be Unknown," "Upstairs the Eulogy, Downstairs the Rummage Sale." I will gladly give the book to the local Chassidic rabbi's wife, or to my wildest, most rebellious student with pink and blue hair.
November's work has been published in the most prestigious literary magazines, has won awards, been anthologized, and is destined to reach an ever-widening audience. His voice is magically lyrical, "and every voice could be the one/ that dissolves in the forest/ or the song that holds/ the necklace of the lake." More than that, it shows wisdom far beyond his years, for November is still a young poet, and one could hardly expect such depths from a writer three times his age. I'll end by quoting one of my favorite poems, "Tennis," in full:
One evening you will walk past a park
between two fading apartment buildings,
and see men playing tennis in white garments,
and long to slip out of your life,
to be buried in the white robe with no pockets,
and float like a ball
between two rivals, two great friends,
this world and the next.
What you hold in your hands, reader, is not just a book of poems, but a treasure.
Upstairs the Eulogy,
Downstairs the Rummage Sale
The beloved Yiddish professor
passed away on the same day
as the synagogue's rummage sale,
and because they could not bear
the coffin up the many steps
that led to the sanctuary,
they left it in the hallway downstairs,
and because I was not one of his students,
and it didn't matter if I heard the eulogy,
they told me to stay downstairs,
to watch over the body and recite Psalms.
And I thought,
this is how it is in the life and death of a righteous man:
upstairs, in the sanctuary, they speak of you in glowing terms,
while down below your body rests beside
old kitchen appliances.
And I recited the Psalms as intently
as I could over a man I had only met once,
and because I knew where he was headed,
and you and I were to wed in a few months,
I asked that he bring with him a prayer for a good marriage.
And this is how it is in the life and death of a righteous man:
strangers pray over the sum of your days,
and strangers ask you to haul their heavy requests
where you cannot even take your body.
Cleaning out Zaide's Apartment
For My Grandparents
His scent still lingered in the black heat
of his darkroom, where he spent decades
developing his meticulous world
of insects and flowers.
Boxes of slides
lay piled on top of one another.
Holding one to the lamplight,
I entered a different universe,
where moths silently cling to the stems
In the bedroom
we found tie clips in the shape of airplanes
and then the slender, fragile model planes
he had built from scratch and hand painted
bright blue with yellow emblems on the wings.
And in every drawer,
countless notes she had written to him.
He must have saved them all,
each one wedding the mundane to a private world
only the lovers themselves could know:
Hard boiled eggs on the stove. I believe in you.
Before I Took Up This Journey
Before God opens his fist
to let a soul gently descend into this world,
He whispers a name, an occupation, a future bride:
"So and so the architect will marry so and so the teacher's daughter."
If I lie asleep in my bed-
wherein the Sages say a man's soul goes back,
and he is partly dead-
if you must rouse me,
please, my wife,
do not even place your small hand
on my shoulders,
but whisper my name,
remind me that I am such and such a man
and you are the dark-haired daughter of so and so,
chosen for me
before I took up this journey.